Koi ponds are symbol of relaxation and serenity. They bring out beauty of various fishes living in it. Here we will give you a guide on how to create your own Koi pond.



Steps to create your own Koi pond



Start by selecting the proper place for your Koi pond. If your pond is close to the house then it could be enjoyed more. Consider this, Koi ponds do better in a shaded area than in full sun. Full sun will work, but a shaded area will generally slow the algae growth down and will prevent the water from possibly getting too hot during the summer months. Keep in mind you want your pond to be in a place where you can see from both outside and inside the house.



Determine how big you'd like your pond. Trace it out on the ground. One of the most common mistakes people make with their first pond is that they build it too small. For Koi fish, the smallest pond recommended building is 1500 gallons. That may sound huge to many beginners, but most people who already have a Koi pond, will agree that if you build a pond much smaller than that, you will not be happy with it.
Click here for some Koi pond design ideas



A bacteria tank and some kind of circulating water is your next step. Part of the pond construction will include a bacteria tank used to keep Koi alive. Koi create a certain type of necessary bacteria, which keeps the water conditioned for them. These tanks help that bacteria thrive. People usually use the bacteria tanks as a waterfall to run over rocks and down into the Koi pond. A waterfall or some kind of circulation is needed in order to keep the Koi alive. Use the dirt from the hole you dug to create the ponds waterfall.
Click here for some waterfall ideas



Cover your newly dug hole with your liner. Liner should extend about a foot out of your hole. Anchor with large rocks. Smooth out liner as best you can. Make sure if you're walking around in the pond, not to rip your liner.
Click here to check out some different water liners



Install your water pump. Be sure the pump has enough power for the size of your pond. All ponds and waterfalls need a circulating pump. These come in many different sizes according to how high you need to pump the water and how fast you want the flow rate. The pump will need to be placed in the pond, but it needs to be off the bottom of the pond floor by an inch or two. This keeps the pump from sucking up sediment.
Click here for some different water pumps



Install your water filter. The filter is the heart of your Koi pond. The filter is what keeps the water clear and healthy for the fish. Many ponds have failed because the owners spent all their money on a beautiful pond and tried to save money on their filter. The filter serves two purposes. One, it serves as a mechanical filter removing fish waste and anything else in the pond that would cloud the water. Two, it serves as a biological filter by converting the ammonia produced by the fish into nitrites and eventually into nitrates which, in general, are harmless to the fish.
Click here for more information on Koi pond filters



Add rocks to your Koi pond. Make sure they are safe for fish. Don't use decorative, colored ones that are used for other purposes as they may kill your fish. You will also need to use smoother rocks on the sides and bottoms, because Koi are curious and rooting fish. They have a big risk of getting injured if you have sharp or pointy rocks.
Click here to read about how to make artifical rocks for your Koi pond



Fill hole with fresh water. Make sure pond retains water before putting in plants (if desired, and available at your local garden store).



Start to add plants to the pond if wanted. Some people will argue that you must have plants in the pond because the plants are necessary to consume the nitrates that build up in the pond. That would be true if it weren't for all the algae that naturally forms in a pond. A healthy pond will normally develop a ¾ inch layer of green algae on all the inside walls of the pond. This algae, which feeds on nitrates just like pond plants do, is usually more than sufficient to keep the nitrates at a safe level. Keep in mind plants can take awhile before they start to take hold and look healthy.
Click here to check out some Koi pond plants



Wait the proper time then add your Koi fish. If pond is retaining water, you will need to wait for a few weeks before you put the Koi in. It's important to let the water circulate and build up some sediment.
Click here to see where you can but Koi fish in South Florida

Ways to make your Koi pond predator-proof



Install a floating mesh. Installing a floating mesh on your garden pond is one of the best ways to protect your Koi fish. A UV resistant floating mesh is widely available in hobby and home gardening stores and it is affordable. No one will also notice that there is a floating mesh on your Koi pond because it would be invisible from afar. The good thing is that a protective mesh will prevent birds and land animals from snatching the fish on your Koi fish ponds. Predators will not be able to reach through the mesh to eat your Koi.
Click here to check out some floating meshes



Use gadgets for protection. You can use ultrasonic gadgets that makes noise whenever a predatory bird or land animal approach your garden pond. The ultrasonic noise can only be heard by animals so the gadget will not disturb anyone except those predators who are eyeing the fish on your Koi pond. You can also install automatic water squirts around your Koi fish ponds to scare away cats and dogs that will try to fish on your garden fish pond.
Click here to check out some ultrasonic bird deterrents



Build underwater fish cages. You can create an underwater sanctuary where the Koi fish can hide if it detects danger. These sanctuaries are usually called Koi houses and they are made from mesh cages. The cages should have large opening so that the Koi fish can easily slide in to hide. This anti predator solution however may not be effective against wily and swift flying birds.
Click here to check out some underwater fish cages



Create natural barriers. Plants, vegetation and rocks can serve as good protection against predators. You have to use these natural barriers to make your Koi pond predator-proof. Rocks and other solid decorative objects around your garden pond can deter land predators. On the other hand, water plants and lilies in Koi fish ponds can shield your fish from predatory birds.



Protection against Unseen Predators. Parasites are also predators and they are more dangerous because you can not see them. Fish parasites can cause diseases that could lead to fish kills. You have to install biological filters in the waterways of your pond in order to maintain good water quality. Filters are very effective in preventing any outbreak of fish parasites.
Click here to read up on how to control Koi parasites





Information for this article came from:

raleighlandscape.com
buzzle.com
88db.com
articledashboard.com
ehow.com